The Detroit Ledger

A comprehensive dataset of grants made in Detroit

For the past few months, we have been collecting information about grants made in Detroit. We started this project with a desire to explore the data and put it in one place, making it more available for us and others to glean insight into philanthropic impact in Detroit.

$462,265,088

That's how much we've recorded in grants made from 2011 through Summer 2013. We ended up with a hair shy of 2,000 grants from hundreds of organizations. You can browse all the data here — or read on for an overview.

How we got here

For all of the good work that organizations are doing in Detroit, much of it happens sight unseen. It’s difficult for nonprofits, residents, and scholars to see the bigger picture of the funding system they inhabit. Some funders do a great job of listing their grants online, but many don’t. Some non-profit organizations post annual reports online, but the digital divide can make this task difficult and expensive.

Much of the data here was scoured from “forms 990” - tax filings for 501(c) tax exempt organizations. This leaves out some of the smaller organizations as well as the immense number of nonprofits that don’t have tax exempt status, like public charter schools and smaller foundations that fly under the radar. We've made an attempt to scour public and private records to find those details. Read more about our methods.

So many grants!

We've organized 1,942 grants from 2009-2013. The records range from a $42 token of support given to a university department to $47 million of federal HUD funding.

To give a sense of the general scale of grant amounts, the graph below shows the distribution of all grants:

The red dot is the median, and white dots are outliers. The lines above and below the median red dot represent most grants on either side of the median.

Top funders

These funders gave the most:

  1. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) $77.3M
  2. Kellogg Foundation $64.3M
  3. United Way for Southeast Michigan $62.2M
  4. Kresge Foundation $50.9M
  5. Knight Foundation $33M

Top recpients

These organizations recieved the most:

  1. City of Detroit $69M
  2. Henry Ford Health System $20.5M
  3. Detroit Economic Growth Association $15.5M
  4. Wayne State University TechTown $11M
  5. Southwest Housing Solutions Corporation $10.6M

Insight

To get an idea of the potential research and insight one can glean from the detail in our dataset, let's look at micro-funding. Detroit Soup is one of a few examples of granting organizations that deliver small (100-1,000 dollar) grants. This sector is off the radar of larger grant databases. Look how SOUP's grant giving has grown since its humble beginnings:

The red dot is the median, and white dots are outliers. The lines above and below the median red dot represent most grants on either side of the median.

By continuing to collect data about small-scale grant givers, we hope to shed light on this growing sector.

The constellation of funding

Legend for network diagram

Most connected funders

In the network of philanthropy, the most connected funders are foundations that reach out to the most organizations. These are often the funders who also have the highest number of individual grants each year — but not necessarily the most money granted. The least connected funders are the foundations that funnel their funds to a small set of organizations, often the same ones year after year.

  1. Skillman Foundation
  2. DTE Energy Foundation
  3. Community Foundation for Southeast Michigan
  4. Kresge Foundation
  5. Kellogg Foundation

Most connected recipients

The most connected recipients receive grants from the most unique funders. These aren't necessarily organizations that receive the most money, but are organizations that receive support from a variety of different foundations.

  1. Detroit Symphony Orchestra
  2. Wayne State University
  3. Sphinx Organization, Inc
  4. College for Creative Studies
  5. United Way for Southeast Michigan

What's next?

You can browse all the data here. We've written more about the project.

Let's keep it growing and branch out. Want to help?

Donate here.

We accept cash as well as data donations. Share your grant data and let us know!